19 December 2005

Medicine and Sport@Lancet

Every year, The Lancet publishes a 'bonus' themed issue.

This year thier theme is 'Medicine and Sport', prompted by 2005 being declared by the United Nations to be The International Year of Sport and Physical Education with the aim to promote sport as a way to help reach the Millenium Development Goals.

12 December 2005

WADA Gene Doping Symposium 2005

Gene doping threat recognised by WADA@UK sport

Discussions in Stockholm focused on the scientific, ethical and public policy issues related to gene doping as a possible method of performance enhancement. A number of conclusions were made:

* Gene therapy, although still at a relatively early stage of development,
represents great promise as a correction method for human diseases.
* There are many risks and dangers associated with gene therapy.
* Greater communication on the topic is encouraged, both among the general
public about the principles of gene therapy, and with the sports community
on the specific issues related to its use on athletes.
* The research programme that has been instigated by WADA, and which includes
investment in a project being managed at HFL in Cambridgeshire, have made
great progress towards a better understanding of gene therapy and raised hopes
that a suitable detection method can be developed.

05 November 2005

2nd International Gene Doping Symposium

Gene doping is a real danger@WADA

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), in partnership with the Swedish Sports Confederation and Karolinska Institutet, will convene the Second International Gene Doping Symposium on 3-5 December 2005 at the Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, Sweden.

SPORT AND TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE GOES LIVE

SPORT AND TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE GOES LIVE@sport business

Tickets are on now on sale for 'Sport and Technology: The Conference 2006', being held on February 23 next year.

It will follow a discussion-style format with speakers from organisations including BT, BBC Sport, the Australian Football League, PSV Eindhoven, Sports Resource Group, Deltatre, Hawk-Eye Innovations, Cat Games, Kirkpatrick and Lockheart, Wasserman Media Group, Sportev and Premium TV.

official conference site

03 November 2005

elite coaching course

The Coaching Elite: Empowering Players@SKA

A special game-video analysis based on a“Hunting Territory Theory” is used to examine team dynamics and urge elite coaches to develop a deep understanding of the knock-on effects of coaching decisions and selections.

23 October 2005

performance enhancing contact lenses

New contact lenses clear baseball's future@sporting news

performance-enhancing contact lenses are designed to help hitters pick up the seams on the ball better and to protect the eyes from the sun

09 October 2005

awards for sports scientists

EAA invites entries for Science awards@UK sport

The European Athletics Association has invited scientists, academics and coaches to enter their work for the 2006 European Athletics Science Awards.

30 September 2005

what is the best recovery strategy?

Recovery: what is the best strategy?@peak performance

Researchers from New Zealand and the UK compared the impact of active recovery, passive recovery, and contrast temperature water immersion on repeated treadmill running performance, lactate levels, and pH. They found that the type of recovery used had no significant effect on performance and pH levels. The post-exercise blood lactate level was lower with active recovery and contrast temperature water immersion compared to passive recovery.

20 September 2005

science of kicking

‘Soccer Style Kicking’- A slow motion overview of the biomechanics@peak perfomance

- elite footballers use a refined and consistent movement pattern where novices use a variable and inconsistent one

- a 45-degree angle of approach produces the greatest peak ball velocity, compared to a 15-degree or 30-degree run-up

- the optimal foot plant position for accurate direction is perpendicular to a line drawn through the centre of the ball for a straight kick

- foot speed is governed by a combination of hip rotational torque, hip flexor strength and quadriceps strength

- elite athletes kick the ball further with less muscle activity and more relaxation during the swing phase, but greater eccentric antagonistic muscle activity than novices

- among elite soccer players, the contact point is further up the foot, closer to the ankle joint

Why football is good for children?

Why football is good for children@peak performance

The football players exhibited greater bone mineral content (BMC) in the legs and greater bone mineral density (BMD) in all bone-loaded regions at the end of the study compared to age matched controls. More specifically, they gained twice as much femoral neck and intertrochanteric BMC in the legs than the controls and increased their femoral neck BMD by 10% more and their mean hip BMD by a third more than the control group.

US SPORT SET FOR STEROID CRACK-DOWN

US SPORT SET FOR STEROID CRACK-DOWN@sportbusiness

Ireland experience

Ireland was a very beautiful country and I enjoyed drinking Guinness beer.
I've upload some of my photos to flickr.

For the Coach Conference, one of the presenters introduced two interesting studies which can be used for talent identification.

Musch and Grondin (2001): the relative age effects (RAE) are a pervasive phenomenon in competitive sports (eg soccer and ice hockey).

Cote et al (in press): birthplace can affect junior athletes' development and country boys are more preferable than city-bred ones to become elite athletes in future.

29 August 2005

off to Ireland

I will be attending the 2005 Global Coach Conference in Limerick, Ireland.

I was invited to present a study entitled
"A biological approch for junior athletes' strength & conditioning programmes".

I look forward to expand my network over there.

25 August 2005

one year anniversary @ Singapore

It has been a year since I arrived at Singapore.

It was a quick journey, but I am really enjoying staying here. Although the weather is very humid, people and food are very nice.

As a sports physiologist, my main job was to conduct sports specific physiological testing for various sports.

So far, I was involved in 5 research projects:
• The effects of Ramadhan (Muslim fasting month) on the physical, physiological, and psychological variables for junior soccer players
• Validation of a specific field test for junior badminton players
• Monitoring a conditioning programme for junior runners using a daily log
• Effects of heat stress on hydration levels and energy expenditure for junior badminton players
• A biological approach to junior athletes' strength and conditioning programmes.

Other than the projects, I had to set up a Sports Performance Lab in Sports Science Centre and gave physiology lessons to our students.

It was very hectic and challenging somethimes, but it was all invaluabe learning experiences,
I hope I can continue the good output in Singapore Sports School.

our webiste is up!

Please see below for what we are doing.

Sports Science Academy
Singapore Sports School

19 August 2005

high intensity ex = brain glucose decrease

HIGH INTENSITY EXERCISE DECREASES GLOBAL BRAIN GLUCOSE UPTAKE IN HUMANS.J Physiol

Brain glucose uptake decreases parallel to exercise intensity. Therefore substrates other than glucose, most likely lactate, are utilised by brain in order to compensate the increased energy need to maintain neuronal activity during high intensity exercise.

16 August 2005

Healthy scepticism

Healthy scepticism@guardian

Medical research may make great headlines in the media, but new analysis shows too many studies later prove to be less than accurate, says John Allen Paulos.

One third of the medical studies were flatly contradicted or significantly weakened by later work.

13 August 2005

a weight room for your feet

Nike Makes Barefoot Breakthrough@wired

Nike researchers brought in 10 men and 10 women to run barefoot on grass to see exactly how the body reacts without shoes on. They were videotaped with high-speed cameras to capture their movements, they had reflective markers attached to their joints to allow easy calculation of joint angles during their stride, and they even had wafer-thin pressure sensors attached to the bottoms of their feet to measure their impact with the earth.

There was a very unique pressure pattern that came from running on grass....They were using the whole foot, very naturally.

We went in between completely barefoot and our highest-stability shoe.

Nike free

04 August 2005

science of Lance Armstrong

The Science of Lance Armstrong: Born, and Built, to Win@National Geographic

From 1992 to 1999, the year of his first Tour de France win, Armstrong was able to increase his muscle efficiency by 8 percent through hard and dedicated training.

Armstrong's muscles produce about half as much acid as the average person's muscles do when they get fatigued.

Powering Through the Tour@Wired

Armstrong can simply put out more power without crossing his lactate threshold than other riders.

02 August 2005

Elite Sports System around the world

1st International Council for Coach Education Asian Regional Coaching Conference Presentation

The above website has powerpoint presentations of the coaching conference.

We can always learn from others to develop an original sports system.

2005 pre-SEA Games scientific congress

2005 pre-SEA Games scientific congress

2005 Pre-SEA Games and Asia Pacific on Exercise and Sports Science Conference (APCESS 2005) to be held at the College of Human Kinetics, University of the Philippines-Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines on 21-25 November 2005.

The deadline for abstract submission is 31 August.

28 July 2005

doors open for Singapore Sports School

Singapore Sports School to admit students with sporting potential@channel news asia

- The Sports School will admit all students with high sporting potential, regardless of their academic ability

- Doors will be opened to promising athletes who do not practise the current eight sports offered by the Sports School, but wish to reside and learn within its premises

- Foreign students can take up to 20 per cent of the places in the Sports School

26 July 2005

Olympics still popular

OLYMPIC GAMES RETAINS POPULARITY@sportbusiness

The Olympic Games continue to be one of the world's most popular sporting events according to research conducted by Sponsorship Intelligence (SI) on behalf of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 2004.

22 July 2005

best performance model in athletics

Helsinki Biomechanics Research Project will allow “A New View” of athletes' performances@IAAF

The main aim of the Helsinki Biomechanics Research Project is to acquire up to date data regarding the technique used by the world’s best athletes.

3-dimensional motion analysis, Force Measurement systems, EMFI (high-tech ferro-electret film sensors) technique etc will be used for the project.

Final Report will be presented during an IAAF Conference which is scheduled to take place October 2006 during the “Conference in Memory of Carmelo Bosco” at the IAAF ATC in Kourtane, Finland. A preliminary project report will also appear in the IAAF publication, New Studies in Athletics (issue 1/2006).

21 July 2005

new online sports physiology journal will be launched

International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

Human Kinetics announced that in March 2006 they will launch the International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, a new publication focused on sports physiology and performance, and dedicated to advancing the knowledge of sport and exercise physiologists, sports performance researchers, and other sports scientists.

18 July 2005

RSS feeds for medical journals

How-to: RSS feeds for medical journals@MedPDA.net

1) Go to www.pubmed.com
2) Click on "limits"
3) In the first drop-down menu (All fields), select "Journal"
4) In the search area, enter the name of the journal you're looking for
5) Click "go"
6) In the drop-down menus right above the search results, go to the one that reads "send to" and select "RSS feed"
7) Automatically it will take you to another page with configuration details about the feed you are about to create
8) Select 50 as the number of items in the feed, so if the journal publishes more than the default 15 items you won't miss any
9) click "create feed"
10) Your link for the RSS feed is ready, under the XML button !

27 June 2005

caffeine can help athletes

Study Claims Caffeine Can Help Athletes@yahoo

According to a study conducted by researchers at the University of Birmingham School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, introducing caffeine into sports drinks increases the absorption rate of carbohydrates by 26 percent.

17 June 2005

UK's Olympic Institute

Olympic Institute plans unveiled@UK sport

The Institute would initially have three core strands:

• Institute of Sport – the new headquarters for the London region of the English Institute of Sport offering world-class support to elite athletes and national governing body performance programme across the region

• 2012 Sports and Exercise Medicine Centre – a leading integrated centre of medical excellence in the diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of high performance athletes

• Olympic Research Centre – offering new opportunities for research, training and development across sport, culture, education, health and the environment.

16 June 2005

does altitude training work?

ALTITUDE TRAINING - DOES IT WORK? Current trends and research@USOC

optimal search strategies

Optimal search strategies for retrieving scientifically strong studies of treatment from Medline: analytical survey. BMJ

Objective To develop and test optimal Medline search strategies for retrieving sound clinical studies on prevention or treatment of health disorders.

Design Analytical survey.

Data sources 161 clinical journals indexed in Medline for the year 2000.

Main outcome measures Sensitivity, specificity, precision, and accuracy of 4862 unique terms in 18 404 combinations.

Results Only 1587 (24.2%) of 6568 articles on treatment met criteria for testing clinical interventions. Combinations of search terms reached peak sensitivities of 99.3% (95% confidence interval 98.7% to 99.8%) at a specificity of 70.4% (69.8% to 70.9%). Compared with best single terms, best multiple terms increased sensitivity for sound studies by 4.1% (absolute increase), but with substantial loss of specificity (absolute difference 23.7%) when sensitivity was maximised. When terms were combined to maximise specificity, 97.4% (97.3% to 97.6%) was achieved, about the same as that achieved by the best single term (97.6%, 97.4% to 97.7%). The strategies newly reported in this paper outperformed other validated search strategies except for two strategies that had slightly higher specificity (98.1% and 97.6% v 97.4%) but lower sensitivity (42.0% and 92.8% v 93.1%).

Conclusion New empirical search strategies have been validated to optimise retrieval from Medline of articles reporting high quality clinical studies on prevention or treatment of health disorders.

07 June 2005

IOC 2012 Evaluation Commission report

IOC releases 2012 Evaluation Commission report@IOC

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) today released the report prepared by the Evaluation Commission following its visits to the five Candidate Cities to host the Games of the XXX Olympiad in 2012 - Paris, New York, Moscow, London and Madrid(1).

06 June 2005

02 June 2005

Professional Paths for Young Scientists

Professional Paths for Young Scientists@science magazine (PDF file)

Key points:
New factors in career choice
The need for lifetime learning
Scientific fundamentals for satisfying careers
Nonscientific skills
Academic position
Opportunities in industry
Government careers
Jobs beyond the bench

01 June 2005

The Race to Win the 2012 Olympics

The Race to Win the 2012 Olympics @wired

300 events. 11,000 athletes. 500,000 spectators. 16 days. But there's one Olympic competition you can't buy tickets for: the race to become the host city for the 2012 summer games. In early July, the International Olympic Committee will choose from among five finalists: New York, Paris, London, Moscow, and Madrid. As part of the bidding process, each city commits to a multibillion-dollar face-lift that includes the latest advances in architecture, communication, transportation, and energy conservation. Here are the highlights of how they plan to bring home the gold.

31 May 2005

UK tennis talent search

Tennis aces back UK talent search@BBC

British number one Tim Henman and former Wimbledon winner Boris Becker have leant their support to a scheme to find new British tennis talent.

27 May 2005

UK anti-doping education campaign

UK SPORT LAUNCHES ANTI-DOPING EDUCATION CAMPAIGN@sportbusiness

A new campaign has been launched by UK Sport to educate athletes about anti-doping issues and secure their commitment to drug-free competition.

25 May 2005

budget for 2008 Beijing Olympics

BEIJING’S OLYMPIC INVESTMENT@sportbusiness

Beijing will invest more than 320 billion yuan ($36billion) over the next four years to beautify the city in time for the 2008 Olympic Games, up from an original investment of 230 billion announced in 2003.

23 May 2005

Want to do PhD in UK?

PhD studentships 2005
Closing date of applications: 24th June 2005

The School of Sport and Exercise Sciences at the University of Birmingham
has achieved the highest national Research Assessment Exercise rating (6*).
As part of the School’s commitment to research excellence, it is offering
several PhD Scholarships this year which will be available to European Union
citizens. The studentships are for three years, start in October 2005 and
have an approximate annual value of £7000 plus fees.

The titles of the studentships available are:
1) Regulation of pulmonary blood flow during exercise in humans
2) Venous distensibility, capacitance and tone: gender differences in reflex
control
3) Comparing theories of risk perception and communication
4) Psychosocial Factors and the Humoral and Cellular Immune Response to
Vaccination
5) Mechanisms and clinical implications of stress lymphocytosis
6) Response of muscle protein synthesis to exercise and nutrition
7) Do interventions that increase insulin sensitivity always translate into
improved lipid handling?
8) Biomarkers for Apoptosis Revealed by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
Spectroscopy
9) Metabolic interventions in chronic heart failure
10) Effects of exercise on insulin sensitivity in patients with type 2
diabetes
11) Effect of triathlon fatigue and action transition on motor coordination
and cognitive functions
12) Modelling the mechanical interaction of forces between the musculo
skeletal system of a rower and boat
13) The relationship between visuomotor decline and falls in older adults
14) Quantifying brain metabolism in human visual cortex by functional
magnetic resonance imaging techniques
15) Determinants and correlates of prosocial and antisocial behaviour in
sport
16) Goal striving, well-being and need satisfaction in sport: Testing the
self-concordance model
17) Exercise Imagery

More details about the studentships can be found at our website:
http://www.sportex.bham.ac.uk/postgraduate/phd.htm

Application packs can be obtained from Mrs. J.E. Bailey, Admissions
Secretary, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Birmingham,
Birmingham B15 2TT (J.E.Bailey@Bham.ac.uk, tel: 0121 414 4108).

11 May 2005

Google library access

Library access@Google blog

Google are launching a feature in Google Scholar that lets people read their academic library's subscriptions directly from their Google Scholar search results.

06 May 2005

UK targeting sports scientists

The Future's World Class@UK sport

Interns need to understand and embrace the high-performance culture, develop the right technical skills and be able to analyse athlete performance and provide support that will improve performance.

02 May 2005

US postdocs need build bridges to opportunity

Not Your Father's Postdoc@science

In today's scientific labor market, just doing good science is no longer enough. Postdocs need realistic expectations, good information, and an entrepreneurial attitude toward their careers.

25 April 2005

latest value of sport

Website highlights the value of sport@UK Sport

A new online resource has been launched which highlights research into the impact of sport on society. The Value of Sport Monitor, developed by UK Sport and Sport England in conjunction with Stirling University, provides a monitoring service of the most up-to-date reference sources and critical reviews of published research on sport’s contribution to a range of social issues.

The Value of Sport@Sport England

09 April 2005

benefits of cold baths

Why rugby players love ice baths@BBC

The cold benefits of ice baths@BBC

When you get into an ice bath for five to 10 minutes, the icy cold water causes your blood vessels to tighten and drains the blood out of your legs. After 10 minutes your legs feel cold and numb.

07 April 2005

IRB medical strategy

IRB TO APPOINT MEDICAL OFFICER@sportbusiness.com

The International Rugby Board (IRB) will appoint its first ever medical officer to continue its fight against doping and address concerns over player burn-out and injury.

02 April 2005

WADA's athlete committee

WADA Appoints Members to New Athlete Committee@WADA

aim: to allow WADA closer contact with athletes and to give the Agency better insight into their questions and concerns regarding doping.

28 March 2005

gene doping@WADA's new magazine

New Play True issue on gene doping available@WADA

WADA has published a new issue of Play True magazine.

This issue focuses on the facts and dangers of gene doping, and on what WADA is doing to fight this new threat.

Play True@PDF

26 March 2005

WADA leads fight against gene doping

WADA leads fight against gene doping@UK sport

"WADA has, for some time, considered genetic doping to be a looming threat. We have taken the lead in focusing the attention of the scientific and sport communities on the challenge this new method presents for enhancing performance."

(Richard Pound)

18 March 2005

the power of sport

British sport looks to the future@UK sport

Sue Campbell (UK Sport’s Chair): "Over the last few years we have seen a government that has really begun to accept the power of sport to realise many other agendas. We really can make a massive contribution to health, law and order and education."

15 March 2005

Beckham Academy launch

BECKHAM ACADEMY LAUNCH@sportbusiness

The David Beckham Academy comprises two full size pitches and an extensive series of buildings featuring state of the art classrooms, dinner hall, training facilities and changing rooms.

Using the latest technology, the Academy is designed to provide a fun and interactive experience for children of all skill levels, unlike anything currently seen in UK football.

Targeted at all ability levels, The David Beckham Academy in London will initially welcome 15,000 boys and girls aged eight-15 years on an annual basis.

14 March 2005

article: effects of massage on performance

Weerapong et al. The mechanisms of massage and effects on performance, muscle recovery and injury prevention. Sports Med 35: 235-256, 2005.

The unclear effects of massage on muscle blood flow lead to uncertain befefits for performance and recovery from fatigue.

There are only few, well controlled studies on sports massage.

11 March 2005

definition of gene doping

HFL to lead gene doping research@ UK sport

WADA defines gene doping as "the non-therapeutic use of genes, genetic elements and/or cells that have the capacity to enhance athletic performance".

10 March 2005

equality of jobs in UK

women still missing out on top jobs@UK sport

Women currently make up 23% of such boards, well down on the 30% target by the end of 2005 as set in the UK Strategy Framework for Women and Sport.

03 March 2005

international doping database

Anti-doping body creates international database@ITbusiness.ca

A Canadian team is setting up a Web-based database tool that will help athletes from around the globe comply with the World Anti-Doping Code.

Selected stakeholders will be able to access the Anti-Doping Administration and Management System (ADAMS) starting in mid-May of this year, before
it is available to some 400 organizations by 2006. ADAMS will facilitate the collection and sharing of athletes’ whereabouts information, provide a clearinghouse for anti-doping information and a database to coordinate and plan drug testing.

23 February 2005

Qatar Sports Academy

The Qatar Sports Academy, ASPIRE, was launched in September 2004. The concept is similar to Singapore Sports School and facilities look very impressive. There are also sports science professionals within the academy.

15 February 2005

46% of UK population involved in sport

WHERE ARE WE NOW: THE STATE OF SPORT TODAY@UK strategy unit

for sport: only 46% of the population participate in sport more than 12 times a year, compared to 70% in Sweden and almost 80% in Finland;

for physical activity: only 32% of adults in England take 30 minutes of moderate exercise five times a week, compared to 57% of Australians and 70% of Finns.

BBC sports channel

BBC SPORTS CHANNEL@sportbusiness

The BBC is reportedly looking to launch its own dedicated sports channel.

14 February 2005

27 % of Australian involved in sport or physical activity

more than one in four in organised sport@Australia

More than one in four (27 per cent) Australians aged 15 years and over were involved in organised sport or physical activity in the year to April 2004, according to figures this week released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics.

12 February 2005

IOC's Athletes' Career Programme

supporting athletes in their professional career@IOC

The programme is designed to facilitate the integration of athletes into the labour market at the end of their sporting careers.

03 February 2005

UK's target sports

SPORT ENGLAND'S £315M FUNDING PLAN@sportbusiness

Sport England has set out its £315million four-year funding plan for 32 priority and development sports in England.

31 January 2005

Paradigm shifts in the computer industry

open source paradigm shift@Tim Oreilly

Paradigm shifts occur from time to time in business as well as in science. And as with scientific revolutions, they are often hard fought, and the ideas underlying them not widely accepted until long after they were first introduced. What's more, they often have implications that go far beyond the insights of their creators.

28 January 2005

effective meeting management

Ideal Board Meetings@Feld Thoughts

The board package came out five days prior to the meeting so everyone had plenty of time to read it. We had a typical three hour board meeting that started on time. The meeting then occurred as follows:

- 5 minutes: Administrative items (approve the minutes, approve new options).

- 55 minutes: Department updates. We used the board package as the guide, but each exec spent a few minutes summarizing key points (rather than reading from the package) and then we drilled into Q&A and discussion on each area. It was a spirited discussion that was forward looking (e.g. "what are we doing in the next 30 days about issue X") rather than backward looking (e.g. "good job on doing Y last month.")

- 90 minutes: 2005 Strategic Priorities. We worked from a six page powerpoint presentation (that had crappy production value, but was high content value) and spent 80% of our time on one slide. The entire leadership team participated in the discussion - it wasn't a "presentation of a conclusion" but a "discussion about what to do given limited resources and divergent opportunities."

- 30 minutes: Executive Session (Board Only). We talked about a handful of personnel related issues, summarized the discussion, and set the tone for Q105.

21 January 2005

MOU = Australia + China

Closer sporting ties between Australia and China@ASC

Key points of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) are:
- Greater cooperation and communication on international sports issues;
- Facilitation by both peak bodies of greater direct links between national sporting organisations in Australia and China;
- Encouragement of more cooperation and exchange between researchers in the fields of sport education, science, research and medicine;
- A joint commitment to working against doping and violence in sport, including a closer working relationship between the respective anti-doping bodies in both countries;
- Support for cooperation on training of sports administrators, coaches and athletes.

11 January 2005

biology + engineering

Life, Reinvented@wired

A group of MIT engineers wanted to model the biological world. But, damn, some of nature's designs were complicated! So they started rebuilding from the ground up - and gave birth to synthetic biology.

05 January 2005

IOC pledge $1M in aid

IOC PLEDGE $1M IN AID@sportbusiness.com

The International Olympic Committee will donate $1million in aid for the tsunami disaster in Asia, according to a statement from the IOC.

03 January 2005

wish you all happy 2005!

Retrospective 2004: An Interview with Jacques Rogge@IOC

The IOC will continue to uphold and develop the social values of Olympic Solidarity, the role of women, development, culture and education, the environment and humanitarian action.

We believe in the educational value of sport, and encourage the athletes to respect the values of fair play, honesty, respect for the rules and fraternity.