20 September 2005

science of kicking

‘Soccer Style Kicking’- A slow motion overview of the biomechanics@peak perfomance

- elite footballers use a refined and consistent movement pattern where novices use a variable and inconsistent one

- a 45-degree angle of approach produces the greatest peak ball velocity, compared to a 15-degree or 30-degree run-up

- the optimal foot plant position for accurate direction is perpendicular to a line drawn through the centre of the ball for a straight kick

- foot speed is governed by a combination of hip rotational torque, hip flexor strength and quadriceps strength

- elite athletes kick the ball further with less muscle activity and more relaxation during the swing phase, but greater eccentric antagonistic muscle activity than novices

- among elite soccer players, the contact point is further up the foot, closer to the ankle joint

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